DICTIONARY OF TERMS

Abdominal Hysterectomy: The uterus is surgically removed through an incision in the abdomen (stomach).
Body Image: The way you feel and think about your body.
Brachytherapy: Radioactive seeds placed close to cancer cells to destroy and eliminate them.
Breast Lumpectomy: Surgical removal of a section of breast tissue containing cancer cells.
Cervix: The lower part of the uterus which connects the vagina to the uterus.
Chemotherapy: Medications used to treat cancer.
Clitoris: An erectile portion of the female genitals located beneath the labia, just outside the vagina.
Ejaculation: Semen comes out the tip of the penis during orgasm.
Erection: Penis becomes hard and firm as a result of blood filling the arteries within it.
Erectile Dysfunction: You are not able to get or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual relations.
Fallopian Tubes: Connect the ovaries to the uterus and serve as a passage for the unfertilized egg to move from the ovaries to the uterus.
Hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus.
Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy : The uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are surgically removed.
Impotence: Inability to achieve a satisfactory erection.
Laparoscopic Hysterectomy : Through small incisions in the abdomen, video technology is used to surgically remove the uterus through the abdomen or the vagina.
Libido: Level of interest in sexual relations.
Lumbar Spine: The portion of your spine at the low back, just above your tail bone.
Lumbar Discectomy: Removal of a piece of the cushion-like disc between a section of bones in your lower back.
Lumbar Laminectomy: Removal of a piece of bone from a segment of bones in your lower back to relieve pressure on spinal nerves. Some of the cushion-like disc between the bones might also be removed at the same time.
Lumber Fusion: A portion of bones in your lower back will be fused together using bone, instruments, and hardware to secure the fused area.
Modified Radical Mastectomy: The entire breast is surgically removed along with the lymph nodes in the underarm area.
Oophorectomy: The ovaries are surgically removed. This is sometimes done in addition to a hysterectomy.
Orgasm: The peak or climax of the sexual experience, often experienced as a pleasurable sensation by both men and women. Can be accompanied by muscle contractions. In men, ejaculation generally occurs.
Ostomy: The diversion of a portion of the colon or bladder onto the stomach to eliminate urine or stool.
Ovaries: Two almond-shaped glands attached to the uterus that produce unfertilized eggs in addition to hormones.
Partial Hysterectomy: The uterus is surgically removed but the cervix is left in place.
Priapism: An erection lasting more than 3 to 6 hours.
Radiation Therapy: High beam x-ray treatments targeted specifically at cancer cells to destroy and eliminate them.
Radical Mastectomy: Surgical removal of the entire breast, the lymph nodes in the underarm area, and the muscles directly under the breast.
Radical Prostatectomy: Surgical removal of the prostate gland.
Retrograde Ejaculation: Semen goes into the bladder instead of out the penis.
Semen: Fluid containing sperm that comes out the penis during ejaculation. Sometimes referred to as “come”.
Simple Mastectomy: Surgical removal of the breast. The lymph nodes in the underarm area are left intact.
Stoma: A piece of intestine which is brought through an incision in the skin on the abdomen and serves to eliminate urine or stool into a pouch.
Total Hip Arthroplasty: Surgical removal of the hip joint and replacement with an artificial joint.
Total Hip Precautions: Certain positions which must be assumed following total hip replacement to prevent dislocation of the artificial joint.
Total Hysterectomy: The uterus and the cervix are surgically removed.
Total Knee Arthroplasty: Surgical removal of the knee joint and replacement with an artificial joint.
Urethra: The structure that urine flows through from the bladder to exit the body. In men, the urethra runs through the penis. In women, the urethra is next to the vagina.
Uterus: Female organ that contains and nourishes a baby from conception to birth.
Vagina: Passageway between the outside of the body and the uterus.
Vaginal Hysterectomy: The uterus is surgically removed through the vagina.